US Civil War Veterans’ Graves in the UK
Researching the Veterans’ Grave Sites
Please note that we are willing to work with people looking for ancestorial information. Please contact us to see if we can help. We have a lot more information than is published here.
Current research, which focuses on the UK excluding Ireland, shows that there are at least 21 Mexican War and Old Army Veterans 1,155 Union and 151 Confederate veterans buried, or likely to be buried, in the mainland UK. Also included in the totals are the widows of veterans who died during the war and did not return, and a few memorials in graveyards or churches to men who died during the war.
To date, the locations are known of 526 Union Veterans (c.45% of the total), or their widows if they did not return; 79 Confederate Veterans, a high proportion of these were crewmen of the CSS Alabama; plus a number of the more prominent supporters of both sides who were active in influencing the outcomes; and others, such as newspaper reporters, politicians and blockade runners. It is a difficult task to decide who to include, since the Civil War gave rise to great passions and divisions in England, and only a selection can be included in the research.
Included among the veterans known to be buried here are:-
Recipients of the Medal of Honor (the US equivalent of the V.C.):
Philip James Baybutt, Private, Co. A, 2nd Massachusetts Cavalry. Southern Cemetery, Chorlton-cum-Hardy, Lancashire, Grave H 2085 C, East Part
African-American Soldiers who served in the so-designated U.S. Colored Troops:
Charles H. Johnson, Musician, Co. E, 1st North Carolina Infantry, a.k.a. 35th U.S.Colored Infantry. Was living in Scotland in 1895; place of burial not yet known.
Sister Mary Gertrude Ledwith, Nurse for the U.S. Medical Department with the Sisters of Mercy. Received a Federal pension after the war. Alnwick Cemetery, grave 17.B/66.RC
Oscar Veniah Dayton, Lieut. Colonel, 62nd New York Infantry; Lieut. Colonel, 1st Regiment, Veteran Reserve Corps; Colonel, 19 Regiment, Veteran Reserve Corps; Brevet Brigadier General. Brompton Cem., London, Grave number not yet ascertained.
|Veterans of the Mexican-American War of 1846-8, or of the pre-war U.S. Regular Army.
Of the Confederates currently identified as buried, or likely to be buried, in the UK, 47 were crewmen of the privateer Alabama and 11 of the privateer Shenandoah.
Despite good progress in finding their graves, the locations of only some 25% are so far known, and much further research is needed. In a high proportion of cases, particularly where the names were quite common and all we have is a note of an application for a Federal Pension, or where the veterans lived in the larger cities and were buried as paupers, insufficient information is currently available to allow us to identify where the veterans lived and died.
Access to the pension files would help to identify and locate many more. Though numbers have been accessed via the Fold3 website, the majority await inclusion, and are only available at the U.S. National Archives at Washington DC. Copies of the files can be purchased, at $80 a file, but with some 700-800 still needed, the cost is prohibitive. They can, however, be consulted at the National Archives without charge.
(1) Help would be greatly appreciated from SUVCW brothers living in the Washington DC area, who could visit the National Archives and copy files for us; this would be invaluable for us in progressing the task of identifying Union Soldiers’ Graves in the UK. Confederates only received pensions from the states in which they served, if they resided in those states; therefore Confederate veterans living abroad received no pensions.
(2) Help is welcomed from researchers, local history groups, or any other interested persons who are able to visit their local cemeteries, or local authority or other local history archives and consult their local burial registers, which in many cases will hold the clue to where the veterans are buried. If you would like to participate, please post a comment using the form below or leave a message on the Contact section of this website, telling us the area or region which you would like to search, and we will get back to you and let you know if there are any veterans whom we believe are buried in your area.